Unintentionally doped and silicon doped GaN films prepared by molecular beam epitaxy using ammonia are investigated. Hall, secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS), photoluminescence, and x-ray data are utilized for analysis of sources of autodoping of GaN epitaxial films in an effort to identify whether the n-type background electron concentration is of impurity origin or native defect origin. We identify and quantify an anomalous relationship between the Si doping concentration and free carrier concentration and mobility using temperature dependent Hall measurements on a series of 2.0-μm-thick GaN(0001) films grown on sapphire with various Si doping concentrations. SIMS is used to identify oxygen as the origin of the excess free carriers in lightly doped and undoped GaN films. Further, the source of the oxygen is positively identified to be dissociation of the sapphire substrate at the nitride-sapphire interface. Dissociation of SiC at the nitride-carbide interface is also observed. Finally, SIMS is again utilized to show how Si doping can be utilized to suppress the diffusion of the oxygen into the GaN layer from the sapphire substrate. The mechanism of suppression is believed to be formation of a Si–O bond and a greatly reduced diffusion coefficient of the subsequent Si–O complex in GaN.
Van Nostrand, J. E.,
Xie, Q. H.,
Reynolds, D. C.,
& Look, D. C.
(2000). Dissociation of Al2O3(0001) Substrates and the Roles of Silicon and Oxygen in N-Type Gan Thin Solid Films Grown by Gas-Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy. Journal of Applied Physics, 87 (12), 8766-8772.