High-Resistivity Lt-in(0.47)Ga(0.53)P Grown by Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Low-temperature (LT) growth of In0.47Ga0.53P was carried out in the temperature range from 200 to 260 degrees C by gas source molecular beam epitaxy using solid Ga and In and precracked PH3. The Hall measurements of the as-grown film showed a resistivity of similar to 10(6) Omega-cm at room temperature whereas the annealed film (at 600 degrees C for 1 h) had at least three orders of magnitude higher resistivity. The Hall measurements, also, indicated activation energies of similar to 0.5 and 0.8 eV for the as-grown and annealed samples, respectively. Double-crystal x-ray diffraction showed that the LT-InGaP films had similar to 47% In composition. The angular separation, Delta theta, between the GaAs substrate and the as-grown LT-InGaP film on (004) reflection was increased by 20 arc-s after annealing. In order to better understand the annealing effect, a LT-InGaP film was grown on an InGaP film grown at 480 degrees C. While annealing did not have any effect on the HT-InGaP peak position, the LT-InGaP peak was shifted toward the HT-InGaP peak, indicating a decrease in the LT-InGaP lattice parameter. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy indicates the presence of phase separation in LT-InGaP films, manifested in the form of a ''precipitate-like'' microstructure. The analytical scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis of the LT-InGaP film revealed a group-V nonstoichiometric deviation of similar to 0.5 at.% P. To our knowledge, this is the first report about the growth and characterization of LT-InGaP films.
El-Masry, N. A.,
& Bedair, S. M.
(1993). High-Resistivity Lt-in(0.47)Ga(0.53)P Grown by Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy. Journal of Electronic Materials, 22 (12), 1481-1485.