Coupling of Phonons with Excitons Bound to Different Donors and Acceptors in Hexagonal GaN

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Time-resolved measurements of GaN with different donors (oxygen or silicon) and acceptors (zinc or magnesium) showed pronounced bound exciton lines and their phonon replicas. The analysis included three phonon modes characteristic for the wurtzite (hexagonal) phase: A1(LO), E1(TO) and E2H. It was shown that relative amplitudes of replicas depended upon the chemical nature of the defects that the bind excitons. The replicas were stronger for acceptor- than for donor–related features. Huang-Rhys factors S = 0.06 ± 0.02 and S = 0.025 ± 0.01, were found for the A0X and the D0X LO replicas, respectively. A significant difference in phonon coupling to silicon and oxygen donor bound excitons has been observed. (© 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)