A new method combining aqueous solution printing with UV Laser crystallization (UVLC) and post annealing is developed to deposit highly transparent and conductive Aluminum doped Zinc Oxide (AZO) films. This technique is able to rapidly produce large area AZO films with better structural and optoelectronic properties than most high vacuum deposition, suggesting a potential large-scale manufacturing technique. The optoelectronic performance improvement attributes to UVLC and forming gas annealing (FMG) induced grain boundary density decrease and electron traps passivation at grain boundaries. The physical model and computational simulation developed in this work could be applied to thermal treatment of many other metal oxide films.
Callahan, M. J.,
Look, D. C.,
& Cheng, G. J.
(2015). Large Scale Laser Crystallization of Solution-Based Alumina-Doped Zinc Oxide (AZO) Nanoinks for Highly Transparent Conductive Electrode. Scientific Reports, 5, 15517.