Jeffrey B. Travers
Introduction: Hypertrophic discoid lupus erythematosus (HDLE) is an uncommon variant of discoid lupus erythematosus characterized by thick hyperkeratotic scale, resulting in verruciform, nodular plaques manifesting primarily on the extensor arms, but can also affect the face and chest. While some autoimmune disorders are certainly known to accompany lupus, cases of lupus with concomitant Crohn’s disease (CD) or ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are quite rare.
Hoopes, R. R. (2020). Hypertrophic Discoid Lupus Erythematosus with Coexistent Crohn’s Disease and Newly Diagnosed Ankylosing Spondylitis. Wright State University. Dayton, Ohio.