Objective: The number of single-parent households has been trending upwards since the early 1900s. Studies in the past have evaluated the effects single-parent households have on pediatric outcomes nationwide. This study attempts to build upon these past studies by analyzing whether these findings remain when looked at the State level, for Ohio 2020, as well as see if the percent of children in single-parent households can predict child mortality.
Methods: Data was collected from publicly available data sets through County Health Rankings. This study utilizes SPSS for data analysis. ANOVA with post-hoc was performed to compare children in single-parent household percentages across the Midwest for 2020. A paired t-test was performed to compare children in single-parent household percentages from Ohio 2016 to Ohio 2020. Two correlations were performed to view any correlation between the percentage of children in single-parent households and teenage birth rate for Ohio 2020, and between the percentage of children in single-parent households and percent uninsured children for Ohio 2020. A stepwise linear regression was used to determine how the percentage of children in single-parent households can account for the variance in child mortality for Ohio 2020.
Results: Ohio has the highest percentage of children in single-parent homes at 32.31%, but is only statistically significant when compare to Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Nebraska. The percentage in Ohio has risen significantly from 2016, 31.23% to 2020, 32.31%. The percentage of children in single-parent household correlates with the teenage birth rate, and can account for 26.8% of the variance in child mortality for Ohio 2020.
Berman, A. J. (2021). Family Structure and Pediatric Outcomes in Ohio. Wright State University. Dayton, Ohio.