A Case Report of Phaeohyphomycosis Caused by Cladophialophora Bantiana Treated in a Burn Unit

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Black molds are a heterogeneous group of fungi that are distributed widely in the environment and that occasionally cause human infection. The spectrum of disease includes mycetomas, chromoblastomycosis, sinusitis, and superficial, cutaneous, subcutaneous, and systemic phaeohyphomycosis. Cladophialophora bantiana, an agent of phaeohyphomycosis, causes rare infections mainly of the central nervous system. Extracerebral involvement is uncommon, and only a few cases have been reported. We present the case of a 32-year-old immunosuppressed female who developed a cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis from C. bantiana. The patient was treated in a burn unit with wound care, surgical excision, grafting, and itraconazole. Patients with complex fungal infections represent yet another population with specialized needs that are adequately met in a verified burn center.