Efficacy of the Oxygen-Charged Static Two-Layer Method for Short-Term Pancreas Preservation and Islet Isolation From Nonhuman Primate and Human Pancreata

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Previous reports indicate that the two-layer method (TLM) of human pancreas preservation is superior to University of Wisconsin solution (UW) when pancreata are preserved for extended periods (i.e., >24 h) prior to islet isolation. In this study, the efficacy of using the TLM for preserving pancreata for short periods (i.e., <13 h) was evaluated using both nonhuman primate and human pancreata preserved with a TLM kit precharged with oxygen. An oxygen precharged TLM (static TLM) was established and compared with the original TLM with continuous oxygen supply. For the static TLM, the perfluorochemical was fully oxygenated and the oxygen supply removed prior to pancreas preservation. In the primate model, pancreata were preserved by the static TLM, the original TLM, and UW for 5 h prior to islet isolation. In the human model, pancreata were preserved with the static TLM or the original TLM or UW for 4–13 h. Both primate and human pancreata were processed by intraductal collagenase injection and digestion followed by continuous density gradient purification to isolate islets. Islets were assessed for islet yield, purity, viability, and in vitro functionality. In the primate model, islet yield, viability, and in vitro functionality were significantly improved by both the static TLM and the original TLM with similar results. Postculture islet yields were 23,877 ± 3619 IE/g in the static TLM, 21,895 ± 3742 IE/g in the original TLM, and 6773 ± 735 IE/g in UW. In the human model, both the static TLM and the original TLM significantly increased islet yield compared with UW with postculture islet yields of 2659 ± 549 IE/g in the static TLM, 2244 ± 557 IE/g in the original TLM, and 1293 ± 451 IE/g in UW. Nonhuman primate and human pancreata stored in the static TLM, immediately upon procurement, yield isolated islets of a substantially higher quantity than when pancreata are stored in UW. Thus, the use of the static TLM should replace the use of UW for storage of pancreata during transport prior to islet isolation.

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