The Oregon District Shooting: Reviewing the Pre-Hospital Protocols and the Role of the Resident During a Multiple Casualty Event

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Background: Review of multiple casualty events (MCEs) protocols in an academic trauma center and more importantly role of residents in management of MCEs has not been discussed. Also, no real-world examples have been described. This study reviews utilization of multiple casualty protocols by the area hospitals and EMS along with role of residents in one such real-world MCE Methods: A mass shooting event in the Oregon District in Dayton, Ohio from 2019 was reviewed. MCE protocols from a Level I trauma center were reviewed as well as patient outcomes and role of residents. Results: A total of 10 casualties were observed and 38 patients presented to hospitals throughout the city. There were 25 patients presented to the Level I trauma center, 1 to the Level II trauma center, and 12 to the Level III trauma centers in the community. Surgical and Emergency residents performed initial triage upon arrival to the ED, managed resuscitation, and performed various procedures under supervision of attending staff. A total of 5 patients required emergent surgery and 4 patients required tourniquets. All patients that were presented to the hospitals survived. Conclusion: MCEs are going to continue, and healthcare systems should have protocols in place. Residents are a valuable resource to hospital systems that provide trauma services. Creation of a protocol with the assistance of EMS will allow first responders to utilize resources available. We recommend testing of this protocol, as an MCE in your area may not be a matter of if, but when.



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