In 1804, the Ohio General Assembly enacted the Ohio Black Codes to govern black and mulatto people living in the state. Under these Codes, free blacks and mulattos were required to register at their local court, proving they were free by providing emancipation papers or witnesses who could prove their “free” status and guarantee their good behavior with a monetary surety. You can see a name index of the Register by visiting our Emancipation Index for Miami County.
As a member of the Ohio Network of American History Research Centers, Wright State University is the official repository and archives for local government records in an 11-county area in central southwestern Ohio. While the volume and type of local government records held vary by county, they generally include the records of the county Auditor, Board of Education, Children’s Home, Clerk of Courts, County Home or Infirmary, Probate Court, Sherriff, township, and town/city records.
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