Title

Prescription Opiate Misuse Among Rural Stimulant Users in a Multistate Community-Based Study

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2009

Abstract

Objectives

The purpose of the current analysis was to examine the factors associated with prescription opiate misuse among stimulant users from rural counties in Arkansas, Kentucky, and Ohio (N=714).

Methods

Multiple logistic regression was utilized to determine the independent correlates of recent (prior 6 months) prescription opiate misuse.

Results

More than half of participants (53.2%) reported prescription opiate misuse in the previous 6 months. Other drug use (heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine and marijuana) and anxiety (Adjusted Odds Ratio: 2.04, 95% Confidence Interval: 1.60, 2.59) were independently associated with prescription opiate misuse. Chronic pain and other health indicators were not associated with prescription opiate misuse after adjustment for covariates.

Conclusions

Results indicate that illicit drug involvement and psychiatric symptoms may be driving the high rates of prescription opiate misuse among rural stimulant users. These findings have implications for the provision of treatment in resource-deprived rural areas.

DOI

10.1080/00952990802326298