Title

A Review of Clinical Manifestations in Adolescent and Young Adults after use of Synthetic Cannabinoids

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2014

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this review is to heighten the awareness of the increased use and risks of synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) and associated clinical manifestations among adolescents and young adults.

Conclusions

Reviewed case studies suggest that the use of SCs have unpredictable negative psychological and physiological effects. Predominant manifestations reported were anxiety, agitation, paranoia, hallucinations, tachycardia, nausea and vomiting, and diaphoresis.

Practice Implications

Nurses provide the most direct and supportive care to patients who present for medical treatment after the use of SCs. Knowledge of clinical manifestations can facilitate supportive management of patients suspected of SCs use.

Comments

A supplemental podcast of the same name is available at http://corescholar.libraries.wright.edu/nursing_faculty/239/.

DOI

10.1111/jspn.12057