Mechanical Evaluation of Fourth-Generation Composite Femur Hybrid Locking Plate Constructs

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Locking compression plates are routinely used for open reduction and internal fixation of fractures. Such plates allow for locking or non-locking screw placement in each hole. A combined use of both types of screw application for stabilization of a fracture is commonly applied and referred to as hybrid internal fixation. Locking screws improve the stability of the fixation construct but at the expense of significant additional cost. This study experimentally analyzes various combinations of locking and non-locking screws under simultaneous axial and torsional loading to determine the optimal hybrid locking plate—screw construct in a fourth generation composite femur. Clinically it is necessary to ensure adequate fixation stability in a worse case fracture-bone quality scenario. A locking screw near the fracture gap increased the axial and torsional strength of the locked plate system. Greater removal torque remained in non-locked screws adjacent to locked screws compared to an all non-locking screws control group.



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