Carotenoids in Unexpected Places: Gall Midges, Lateral Gene Transfer, and Carotenoid Biosynthesis In Animals
•Gall midges are the third animal clade with carotenoid biosynthetic genes.•The genes were acquired by an ancient lateral gene transfer from fungi.•With aphid and spider mites, they form a monophyletic group within fungi.•The transfers likely happened independently to each animal group.
Stireman, J. O.,
& Abbot, P.
(2013). Carotenoids in Unexpected Places: Gall Midges, Lateral Gene Transfer, and Carotenoid Biosynthesis In Animals. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 68 (2), 221-228.