Genome-Wide Polysome Profiling Reveals an Inflammation-Responsive Posttranscriptional Operon in Gamma Interferon-Activated Monocytes

Document Type


Publication Date



We previously showed that ribosomal protein L13a is required for translational silencing of gamma interferon (IFN-γ)-induced ceruloplasmin (Cp) synthesis in monocytes. This silencing also requires the presence of the GAIT (IFN-gamma activated inhibitor of translation) element in the 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of Cp mRNA. Considering that Cp is an inflammatory protein, we hypothesized that this mechanism may have evolved to silence a family of proinflammatory proteins, of which Cp is just one member. To identify the other mRNAs that are targets for this silencing, we performed a genome-wide analysis of the polysome-profiled mRNAs by using an Affymetrix GeneChip and an inflammation-responsive gene array. A cluster of mRNAs encoding different chemokines and their receptors was identified as common hits in the two approaches and validated by real-time PCR. In silico predicted GAIT hairpins in the 3′ UTRs of the target mRNAs were confirmed as functional cis-acting elements for translational silencing by luciferase reporter assays. Consistent with Cp, the newly identified target mRNAs also required L13a for silencing. Our studies have identified a new inflammation-responsive posttranscriptional operon that can be regulated directly at the level of translation in IFN-γ-activated monocytes. This regulation of a cohort of mRNAs encoding inflammatory proteins may be important to resolve inflammation.