Situation Analysis of Disability Resources and Needs of Shantytowns Near Lima, Peru

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Individuals with a disability experience more discrimination from social and political activities, lower levels of education, higher rates of poverty, and decreased levels of employment in comparison to non-disabled populations. Households with an individual with a disability experience extra costs resulting from disability, and these households are more likely to experience food insecurity, poor housing, lack of access to safe water and sanitation, and inadequate access to health care. Poverty is thought to be both a cause and a consequence of disability. Recent studies indicate that over 80 percent of individuals with a disability live in a developing country (Chandran, Hyder, & Peek-Asa, 2010).

In June of 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) published the World Report on Disability, the first comprehensive global disability analysis in over 30 years. This document identifies areas for further research, in particular qualitative research to better understand the lived experiences of individuals with a disability, as the understanding of disability is limited in many less developed areas. The purpose of this study is to investigate community resources and needs for individuals with disabilities living in the shantytown communities near Lima, Peru.