Women with Safety Concerns Report Fewer Gender-Specific Preventive Healthcare Services

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Background: Violence and safety exposures, primarily in the form of intimate partner violence (IPV) exposures, have been associated with increased healthcare utilization in women and variable associations with preventive services. It remains unknown, however, if broader measures of violence and safety exposures are associated with preventive healthcare utilization.

Methods: Data from the 2004 The Philadelphia Health Management Corporation survey were used to compare self-reported utilization of preventive healthcare services for participants who did and did not report exposures to violence or have safety concerns during the past year, using novel but nonvalidated measures of violence and safety concerns. The sample included women aged 18–96 years who reported having a usual source of care. Measures of preventive healthcare utilization included timing of last mammogram, cervical cytology, breast examination, blood cholesterol testing, blood pressure measurement, and screening for colon cancer.



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