Title

Improving pain management in patients with sickle cell disease from physiological measures using machine learning techniques

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2018

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier Inc. Pain management is a crucial part in Sickle Cell Disease treatment. Accurate pain assessment is the first stage in pain management. However, pain is a subjective experience and hard to assess via objective approaches. In this paper, we proposed a system to map objective physiological measures to subjective self-reported pain scores using machine learning techniques. Using Multinomial Logistic Regression and data from 40 patients, we were able to predict patients’ pain scores on an 11-point rating scale with an average accuracy of 0.578 at the intra-individual level, and an accuracy of 0.429 at the inter-individual level. With a condensed 4-point rating scale, the accuracy at the inter-individual level was further improved to 0.681. Overall, we presented a preliminary machine learning model that can predict pain scores in SCD patients with promising results. To our knowledge, such a system has not been proposed earlier within the SCD or pain domains by exploiting machine learning concepts within the clinical framework.

DOI

10.1016/j.smhl.2018.01.002

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