Document Type

Master's Culminating Experience

Publication Date



The purpose of this research is to examine how privatization of water resources has created social inequalities and environmental degradation on an international scale by understanding the ways in which water has become a market commodity, and how water resources are managed within a private framework versus a public framework. Two frameworks will be compared: neoliberal policy and the social provisioning approach to managing water resources. It is argued that social provisioning ought to be the focus of policy formulation so as to diminish the degree in which social inequalities and environmental degradation are generated by privatization. As a result, the thesis insists upon policy changes that would enact stricter regulation of natural resources in order to obtain greater levels of ecological sustainability and a more equitable distribution of water resources. These changes are based on changes of economic analysis and policy formulation, and provide the basis of ecological democracy.