Three experiments that differed in terms of environment type (two virtual and one real) required participants to remember the location of 12 unique geometric objects that varied in terms of form (cone, cube, and sphere) and color (blue, green, red, and yellow). The results showed that regardless of environment type (virtual or real), participants showed significantly better encoding/memory for an object’s form than for its color. This highlights the importance of emphasizing object shape to assist learning and memory in virtual environments.
Herdman, C. M.,
& Wade, J.
(2007). Memory for Form and Color in Virtual and Real Environments. 2007 International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 84-88.