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In the Aerospace Department at Middle Tennessee State University, Microsoft Flight Simulator X (MSFSX) is being utilized in the classroom to develop the aeronautical decision-making skills future pilots will need. The utilization of this inexpensive software to create realistic scenarios is discussed and a variety of examples are provided. While working through a scenario, students view either pre-recorded segments of a virtual flight, or participate in real time decision-making as a flight segment is “flown” by the instructor. In either case, students see an aircraft instrument panel and the view outside the windscreen, as they would in flight. The emphasis of each scenario is making appropriate flight management decisions given a variety of circumstances. Aerodynamics, systems failures, flight into deteriorating weather, and cross country skills are all areas with MSFSX scenario-based learning applications.