Flight into adverse weather remains a leading cause of fatal accidents in general aviation. The situation assessment hypothesis suggests that pilots continue into adverse weather because they fail to accurately recognize the weather conditions present. In this study 20 participants’ eye movements were tracked as they viewed various weather scenes before and after training. The results showed that after training participants made decisions using fewer visual fixations and less total gaze time. Further, the average time until first fixation on critical weather features was decreased after training. Participants were effectively taught what weather features are important, thus allowing participants to make quicker, more efficient decisions. Eye tracking was found to offer objective evidence of cuebased training's ability to affect and improve the decision making process.
Sawyer, M. W.,
& Shappell, S. A.
(2009). Cue-Based Training Effects on Visual Scanpaths During Weather-Related Decision Making. 2009 International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 684-689.