A Synthetic Vision Display is generally believed to support pilot terrain awareness. Many studies have shown, however, that perspective views are biased, which can cause pilots to make judgment errors regarding the relative location, height, and ultimately the avoidance of terrain obstacles. Therefore, this system is usually backed by terrain avoidance systems that provide explicit resolutions to circumvent conflicts. They are, however, far from optimal regarding terrain awareness as they fail to present the rationale of the automation. This paper presents an extension to a Synthetic Vision Display that promotes pilot terrain awareness by means of overlays that reveal the functional meaning of the terrain. It is designed to effectively deal with terrain conflict situations while preserving the freedom of maneuvering as much as possible. An experiment showed that the overlays improved pilot situation awareness and decision-making (in unanticipated events) as compared to a command-based interface counterpart.
& van Paassen, M.
(2009). Ecological Synthetic Vision Display to Support Pilot Terrain Awareness. 2009 International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 503-508.