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The goal of “crew resource management” (CRM) training programs is to enhance safety and efficiency in flight. To achieve this goal, CRM training have to teach the appropriate knowledge and skills, and thus, to be adjusted according to all environmental changes. During the last decade, there has been an increasing need to reinforce skills of French military crews, to deal with complex and unforeseen situations. A new cognitive-adaptation training was proposed. It specifically seeks to enhance metacognitive skills related to the two main types of human cognitive processes, and to strengthen reflective processes involved in cognitive and emotional adaptation. The effects of this training on adaptation skills and the relevance for the CRM courses of theoretical adaptation knowledge pertaining to this new training were evaluated. The results indicate that the new training may provide a useful tool for enhancing the ability of flying crews to manage complex and unforeseen situations.