This report highlights five current vibrotactile display technologies for conveying aircraft motion or approach to obstacles or waypoints, including: 1) a simple on/off vibration cue that activates when a designated position is reached; 2) vibrations whose on-off pulse rate increases as the vehicle moves faster; 3) vibrations whose fundamental frequency rises to cue the approach of an object; 4) vibrations whose body site of spatial cueing signals self-motion in a manner analogous to tactile cues during sliding along the ground; 5) vibrations whose body site of cueing expands in a manner analogous to visual looming cues. The advantages and limitations of these current approaches are discussed, a new display strategy is introduced, and recommendations are made concerning future tactile display development and research needed to provide tactile displays.
Lawson, B. D.,
Cholewiak, R. C.,
Rupert, A. H.,
& Thompson, L. I.
(2015). Tactile Cueing Strategies to Convey Aircraft Motion or Warn of Collision. 18th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 19-24.