Prospective memory is essential for flight, where failures can result in incorrect flight control settings, leading to loss of life and equipment. Furthermore, prospective memory is highly-sensitive to pilot age, cognition, and experience. This research reports on the relation of the NASA Multi-Attribute Test Battery-II (MATB-II) to prospective memory during simulated VFR flight (N=51). Prospective memory was indexed with specialized radio calls that were associated with non-focal visual cues. Linear regression models examined the relative association of MATB-II variables to prospective memory in low and high workloads. System monitoring, psychomotor tracking, and resource management, generally at higher difficulty levels, were the variables most predictive of prospective memory, r2 =0.41. Pilot experience improved the model in the high workload condition. Estimating risk for prospective memory failures via multitasking ability, with a focus on monitoring tasks, may inform cognitive assessment approaches to enhance aviation safety.
Benthem, K. V.,
& Herman, C. M.
(2019). The NASA MATB-II Predicts Prospective Memory Performance During Complex Simulated Flight. 20th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 67-72.