Document Type


Publication Date



As electric vertical takeoff and landing air taxis make their way to urban airspace operations within the United States National Airspace System, many research efforts are underway to identify and understand pertinent issues needed to support the influx of new, passenger-carrying, air vehicles over highly dense, urban communities. The primary focus of this research effort was to gather subjective data from subject matter experts concerning current-day airspace operations to identify potential gaps and improvements needed to support and sustain near-term UAM operations. These potential gaps and improvements will form the foundation for the development of initial information exchange requirements between the on-board pilot in command and other key entities. This paper focuses on the safety challenges and potential solutions for the in-flight incapacitated pilot scenario from Phase I of the study, which gathered data from helicopter and general aviation fixed-wing pilots.