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Culture has been identified as one of the main input factors impacting flight safety and team performance. Diverse methodologies were used to examine how professional culture influences helicopter pilots’ safety-related behaviours. Study 1 (mixed-methods survey) showed that the main difference between civilian- and military-trained pilots can be put down to ‘safety vs. efficiency’, with pilots mentioning that what is perceived to be a threat seems to differ between military-and civilian-trained helicopter pilots. Additionally, having a multi-professional crew (military- and civilian-trained pilots together in a cockpit) was seen as having a positive effect on all non-technical skills, especially on situation awareness. Study 2 examined implicit risk perception of military- and civilian-trained pilots. The results indicated that all participants perceived the risk associated with flying in adverse weather. Interestingly, no differences between military-/civilian-trained pilots were observed. The studies presented provide an original, in-depth look at how helicopter pilots perceive their professional culture.