Effects of Time, Temperature, and Storage Container on the Growth of Fusarium Species: Implications for the Worldwide Fusarium Keratitis Epidemic of 2004-2006
Objective: To demonstrate the effects of time, temperature, and container properties on the ability of ReNu with MoistureLoc (ReNuML; contains the antimicrobial agent alexidine) to inhibit growth of Fusarium species.
Methods: ReNu with MoistureLoc was stored in its Bausch & Lomb (Rochester, New York) plastic or similarly sized glass containers for 1 and 4 weeks at room temperature, 42°C, and 56°C, and then tested for its ability to inhibit growth of 7 Fusarium isolates.
Results: ReNu with MoistureLoc stored in glass containers for 1 or 4 weeks at all 3 temperatures demonstrated no significant fungistatic deterioration. However, ReNuML stored at 56°C in its Bausch & Lomb plastic container demonstrated a statistically significant fungistatic deterioration compared with room temperature storage in its original plastic container or with glass container storage at any temperature.
Conclusion: When exposed to elevated storage temperature, it appears that an interaction between ReNuML and its Bausch & Lomb plastic container adversely affects the fungistatic properties of ReNuML, which could have contributed to the Fusarium keratitis epidemic of 2004 through 2006.
Bullock, J. D.,
Elder, B. L.,
Khamis, H. J.,
& Warwar, R. E.
(2011). Effects of Time, Temperature, and Storage Container on the Growth of Fusarium Species: Implications for the Worldwide Fusarium Keratitis Epidemic of 2004-2006. Archives of Ophthalmology, 129 (2), 133-136.