The Development and Validation of Metamotivational Strategies in Medical Students Questionnaire

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Introduction: Understanding medical students' motivational regulation strategies is particularly salient to monitor their quality and quantity of motivation. This study aims to develop and validate a questionnaire to measure metamotivational strategies in medical students.

Methods: A Metamotivational Strategies in Medical Students Questionnaire (MSMQ) was developed by using the seven steps presented in 'developing questionnaires for educational research: AMEE Guide No. 87'. First, in a systematic search, related articles extracted and nine instruments were identified. Then, in a qualitative study, the metamotivational strategies of medical students were explained. In the next step, the identified strategies were conceptually compared with previous studies, and the MSMQ items were developed. Finally, expert validation, cognitive interviews, exploratory factor analysis, and reliability analysis were conducted.

Results: The MSMQ consisted of 7 factors and 28 items. CVI >0.79 in terms of relevance, clarity, and simplicity. In exploratory factor analysis, seven subscales explained 67.5% of the variance. Cronbach's alpha = 0.89. ICC = 0.76 - 0.87.

Conclusion: The MSMQ has reasonable psychometric properties, with adequate internal reliability and strong evidence of structural validity. However, further validation in other settings applying various psychometric methods is recommended.



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