Document Type

Master's Culminating Experience

Publication Date



Introduction: The purpose of this case study was to describe Dayton, Ohio’s process for implementing an active transportation initiative and suggests ways in which it might be improved. Methods: This paper compares the strategies used in Dayton, Ohio to the 5Ps of the Active Living by Design’s Community Action Model, and compares them with the strategies of three communities described in the literature. Results: The City of Dayton fully initiated two of the 5Ps but neglected the other Ps. Some interview respondents attribute this to a lack of staffing within the City of Dayton. Dayton’s leadership for active transport comes from within local government, whereas the comparison communities’ leadership comes from community non-profit organizations. Respondents thought this was an asset because it was perceived to improve the program’s legitimacy. Some respondents reported that developing community partnerships had been a priority and exceeded the expectations since 2008. Recommendations: The City of Dayton should invest time in recruiting community allies with specific talents, such as media outlets, corporate relationships, and funding relationships that may increase efforts in each of the 5P strategy areas. Another recommendation is to invest funds for a community coordinator position that would foster the necessary community relationships, build programs, and administratively assist the Dayton Bike Walk Committee. The City of Dayton should research independent funding sources in the vein of corporate sponsorships and grants to creatively fund programs, promotions, and minor physical projects.

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