Document Type

Master's Culminating Experience

Publication Date



Background: Breastfeeding (BF) is an important feeding practice for newborns, especially the low birth weight (LBW) infant population and during emergencies. Association of maternal demographics with BF in LBW infants in Ohio, especially during emergencies is not fully characterized. This study aims to fill that data gap.

Methods: The data for this study were the 2012 Ohio Vital Statistics Birth Data compiled by the Ohio Department of Health and obtained from Public Health – Dayton & Montgomery County. It included all 11,805 LBW, 8.5% of the total births in Ohio in 2012. IBM SPSS version 22 was used for the analyses of the data. Descriptive statistics, chi-square analyses, odds ratios using univariate and multivariate logistic regression (LR) analyses were computed.

Results: Out of the 11,805 LBW infants, 6,394 (54%) were breastfed while 5,411 (46 %) were not breastfed. In univaraite LR, mother’s race as non-African American (OR =3.22, p

Conclusion: LBW infants are breastfed less than their non-LBW counterparts. Demographics affect BF in mothers with LBW infants in the same way they affect mothers with non-LBW infants. Targeted efforts during antenatal care to promote BF would help LBW infants during emergencies.

Additional Files

mph_presentation_okeke_raymond.pdf (292 kB)

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