Master's Culminating Experience
Objective: Examine the relationship between sleep hygiene behaviors, overall distress, and total hours of sleep in a college population. The predictors analyzed were: sleep quality, total hours of sleep, level of distress, bedtime, wake time, time to fall asleep, alcohol/drug use, exercise, caffeine consumption and grade point average.
Methods: A retrospective chart review gathered client information from the CCAPS-34 questionnaire and the Standardized Data Set (SDS), obtained by Counseling and Wellness Services at Wright State University. ANOVA determined statistically significant relationships between the variables.
Results: Seven-hundred sixty-seven charts were reviewed. The majority of students included in the study were white (64.2%), women (59.7%), and 18-25 years old (80%). Forty-one percent of the students indicated a high level of distress. Statistically significant differences (p30 minutes to fall asleep, alcohol/drug use to sleep, current caffeine consumption, and lack of exercise. The following predictors were found to be related to lower amounts of total sleep: poor sleep quality, high distress, late bedtime, >30 minutes to fall asleep, alcohol/drug use to sleep and caffeine use.
Conclusion: Several sleep hygiene behaviors have a relationship between high levels of distress and poor total sleep in the college population. It is important to consider these factors when working with students with high distress and target preventive behaviors while building resilience among college students to manage distress.
Knight, N. (2016). Examining the Relationship between Adequate Sleep, Sleep Behaviors, and Psychological Distress in College Students. Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio.
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