Master's Culminating Experience
Background: Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure occurs when people inhale smoke from tobacco products or inhale smoke that has been expelled by other smokers. Exposure to SHS increases the risk of many metabolic and chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease.
Purpose: To evaluate the association between SHS and abdominal adiposity in US adults. Methods: Data from 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was used to examine the relationship between SHS exposure and abdominal adiposity, Sagittal Abdominal Diameter [SAD]), after adjusting for covariates (age, gender, ethnicity, and income) (n=4,012). Univariate linear regression analyses were used to predict association of smoking exposure, SAD and each of the covariates in separate models. Multivariable linear regression analyses were used to assess independent association of smoking categories with SAD, after adjusting for covariates.
Results: Overall, males, non-Hispanic Blacks, and individuals with low income constituted the highest prevalence of those exposed to SHS. A positive significant association was found between SHS exposure and increasing SAD (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The highest exposure to SHS was among males, non-Hispanic Blacks, and individuals with low and middle income. Also, there was a significant association between SHS exposure and increasing SAD.
Tahtamooni, O. T. (2016). Association of Secondhand Tobacco Smoke and Abdominal Adiposity in the United States Population. Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio.
Additional Filesmph_tahtamooni_omar_presentation.pdf (1079 kB)