Document Type

Master's Culminating Experience

Publication Date

2020

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a condition where the bones become weak that affects 12.6% of the United States (US) population over 50 years of age. Vitamin D helps to improve bone health as it functions in helping reabsorb calcium from the intestines. Several studies have been conducted on the effects of vitamin D on Bone Mineral Density (BMD), where it has shown that insufficient vitamin D is associated with a reduction in BMD. The purpose is to determine the relationship between serum vitamin D and BMD of the femoral neck in the US population in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2014.

Multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to describe independent associations between serum vitamin D and BMD after controlling for covariates (age, sex, ethnicity, income, BMI). The mean BMD was 0.78 g/cm2 and the mean serum vitamin D was 70.41 nmol/L, serum vitamin D was not statistically significantly associated with BMD (p = 0.416). Serum vitamin D does not statistically significantly associate with BMD. Further studies can be done in larger samples to explore this association.

Additional Files

Capstone Poster.pdf (332 kB)
Poster

Capstone Poster Final.pdf (9400 kB)
Presentation


Included in

Public Health Commons

Share

COinS