Master's Culminating Experience
Background: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed among adult males in the United States. The prognosis of prostate cancer is related to the stage, with a five year relative survival rate of 100% among men diagnosed with early stage prostate cancer. Modifiable risk factors associated with the disease include lifestyle, marital status, tobacco and alcohol history, physical activity, weight, diet, and geographic location. Non-modifiable risk factors include family history and genetic factors, race/ethnicity and nationality, age, and hormonal factors.
Methods: A descriptive study of prostate cancer primary prevention and early detection factors was conducted on men living in Montgomery County, Ohio utilizing data from Ohio Cancer Incidence and Surveillance System, and secondary data sources. Additionally, a descriptive analysis was conducted on men diagnosed with prostate cancer living in Montgomery County.
Results: Montgomery County had the third highest prostate cancer incidence and mortality compared to Ohio, the US, and other counties with comparable population sizes and demographics. Additionally, a large percentage of men were diagnosed with early stage prostate cancer. Eighty three percent of men living in the county diagnosed with the disease survived.
Discussion: Men living in Montgomery County are likely to be diagnosed with early stage prostate cancer. The county had a low prostate cancer mortality rate which may be associated with factors such as early stage diagnosis. Measures can be taken to decrease prostate cancer health disparities through community-based participatory education, training, and research among racial/ethnic minorities and underserved populations in Montgomery County.
Greaves, A. F. (2012). Montgomery County Prostate Cancer Study: A Descriptive Study of Prostate Cancer Incidence & Mortality in Montgomery County, Ohio, 2000-2009. Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio.