Master's Culminating Experience
The purpose of this study was to identify the population in Montgomery County Ohio who are at the greatest risk for cancer based on age, sex, and race/ethnicity, family history and demographics. The research will also look at modifiable behaviors such as use of tobacco products, physical inactivity, obesity, poor nutrition and heavy drinking of alcohol that increase the risk and identify areas of improvement in data collection for reporting purposes. During 1996-2006, cancer was the second-leading cause of death for residents of Montgomery County.
Methods: Age, sex, race/ethnicity of people in Montgomery County with cancer were examined and using descriptive analysis, prevalence and odds ratio were calculated. This study was conducted using data from Census estimates, Ohio BRFSS, The Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System (OCISS), and Ohio Department of Health.
Results: Montgomery County cancer incidence rate for all sites/types combined was lower than the incidence rate for the United States. For all cancer sites/types combined, black males have a higher incidence rate and black males have a higher mortality rate, compared to the other gender/race categories. The cancer mortality rate for all sites/types combined is higher in Montgomery County compared to the United States. Higher mortality rates may be related to race, socioeconomic status, a later stage at diagnosis, lack of access to health care, scarce treatment and other factors which can be eliminated by a good cancer control program.
Okere, C. E. (2012). The Face of Cancer in Montgomery County Ohio: A Look at the Population at Risk. Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio.