New-Onset Diabetes after Kidney Transplantation: An Application of 2003 International Guidelines
Background: The 2003 International Consensus Guidelines defined new-onset diabetes after transplantation. This study determined the risk of new-onset diabetes following kidney transplantation using these criteria.
Methods: Consecutive nondiabetic patients who received kidney transplantation between August 2001 and March 2003 (recent, n=61) and before August 2001 (earlier, n=61) were retrospectively evaluated.
Results: In all, 74% in the recent group and 56% in the earlier group developed diabetes by 1 year posttransplant. Median time to diabetes development was 23 days in the recent vs. 134 days in the earlier group (P=0.0304). Most patients developed diabetes within 60 days after transplantation. Immunosuppression was the strongest correlate of diabetes development; tacrolimus and cyclosporine A treatments were associated with increased risk. The rate of development was also greater when rapamycin was added to tacrolimus, compared to when it was not. The risk was double in African-Americans compared to whites. Age, body mass index, family history of diabetes, and etiology of renal failure did not predict diabetes; however, the mean age of patients was greater than previously reported.
Conclusions: The majority of patients are at risk of developing new-onset diabetes within a short time after kidney transplantation. The risk may be due to preexisting risk factors, immunosuppressive agents, or older age. The significance of these findings is not clear, but demands appropriate follow-up studies related to glycemia, end-organ complications, and graft function. It remains to be determined whether the 2003 International Consensus Guidelines are adequate to appropriately diagnose diabetes in the posttransplant time period, with special emphasis on the first 3 months.
Lane, J. T.,
Puumala, S. E.,
Groggel, G. C.,
Wrenshall, L. E.,
& Stevens, R. B.
(2005). New-Onset Diabetes after Kidney Transplantation: An Application of 2003 International Guidelines. Transplantation, 80 (7), 945-952.