A Transient Receptor Potential Channel Expressed in Taste Receptor Cells
We used differential screening of cDNAs from individual taste receptor cells to identify candidate taste transduction elements in mice. Among the differentially expressed clones, one encoded Trpm5, a member of the mammalian family of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. We found Trpm5 to be expressed in a restricted manner, with particularly high levels in taste tissue. In taste cells, Trpm5 was coexpressed with taste-signaling molecules such as -gustducin, G13, phospholipase C-2 (PLC-2) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type III (IP3R3). Our heterologous expression studies of Trpm5 indicate that it functions as a cationic channel that is gated when internal calcium stores are depleted. Trpm5 may be responsible for capacitative calcium entry in taste receptor cells that respond to bitter and/or sweet compounds.
Pérez, C. A.,
Kozak, J. A.,
Preuss, A. K.,
& Margolskee, R. F.
(2002). A Transient Receptor Potential Channel Expressed in Taste Receptor Cells. Nature Neuroscience, 5 (11), 1169-1176.