The Disposition of the New Anthracycline Antibiotic, Menogarol, in Mice
We have investigated the metabolism and disposition, in mice, of 7-con-O-methylnogarol ( menogarol ; 7-OMEN), a new anthracycline antibiotic entering clinical trials. 7-OMEN, dissolved in 0.01 M glucuronic acid, was administered iv to mice (10 mg/kg). At specified times after injection, groups of mice were killed and 7-OMEN and metabolites were assayed in plasma and organs by HPLC. Plasma concentrations of 7-OMEN declined in triexponential fashion. The terminal t1/2 was 10.6 hr; the AUC was 10.13 µM x hr; the apparent Vc was 0.4 liter/m2, and the systemic clearance was 91.2 ml/min/m2. One metabolite, with the same HPLC characteristics as N- demethylmenogarol , was seen in plasma during the first 30 min after injection. 7-OMEN was distributed extensively to all tissues except brain. Initially, pulmonary concentrations of 7-OMEN were 15 times higher than those in any other organ and 30 times higher than those in plasma. Concentrations of 7-OMEN were the most persistent in spleen, kidney, and pancreas, and the least persistent in heart and liver. The AUC for 7-OMEN in organs was the greatest in lungs (605 nmol/g x hr), spleen (522 nmol/g x hr), and pancreas (430 nmol/g x hr), and least in heart (33 nmol/g x hr) and liver (60 nmol/g x hr). Kidneys and skeletal muscles had intermediate AUC values. In liver, two metabolites, one of which had the HPLC characteristics of N- demethylmenogarol , were seen. In other organs, the same metabolites were seen later and in small quantities.
Chang, B. K.,
Egorin, M. J.,
Olman, E. A.,
Engisch, K. L.,
& Bachur, N. R.
(1984). The Disposition of the New Anthracycline Antibiotic, Menogarol, in Mice. Drug Metabolism and Disposition, 12 (3), 365-370.