Simple Binding Assay for the Direct Determination of Biotin in Urine
We have devised a simple assay to detect adequate biotin intake, which uses an alternative configuration from most existing assays.
The assay depends on the competition of streptavidin peroxidase for immobilized biotin or soluble biotin in standards or samples. Immobilized streptavidin peroxidase is detected using tetramethylbenzidine, and the plates are read at 450 nm. The assay was normalised by determining the biotin/creatinine ratio in the urine of healthy adults. Urinary biotin excretion was measured in unsupplemented pregnant women. The half-life of biotin excretion after a single oral supplement was determined for healthy volunteers.
Urinary biotin excretion in unsupplemented pregnant women was 2.9±1.9 μmol/mol creatinine (mean±S.D.) and was significantly lower (p<0.001) than those of healthy males and females, which were 9.0±5.4 and 7.0±2.1 μmol/mol creatinine (mean±S.D.), respectively. The half-life of a single oral biotin supplement was 30–40 h, with excretion returning to basal levels at 70 h.
We have devised a novel binding assay for the direct determination of total biotin excretion in urine, which is suitable for routine clinical laboratory. The assay is inexpensive, simple, rapid, and could be fully automated.
Storer, M. K.,
Sherwin, C. M.,
& Lewis, J. G.
(2005). Simple Binding Assay for the Direct Determination of Biotin in Urine. Clinica Chimica Acta, 360 (1-2), 60-66.