The Chemistry of Metastable Species in the Venusian Ionosphere
Reactions of metastable species are important in determining the densities of minor ions in the Venusian ionosphere. Calculations are carried out in which the coupled continuity and momentum equations are solved for twelve ions and four neutral species in the dayside ionosphere, including O+(2D), O+(2P), N(2D), and N(2P). Altitude profiles of these metastable species are presented. Their reactions are shown to be a significant source of several minor ions, especially N2+, CO+, and N+. The discrepancies which existed between model and measured densities of these ions are resolved.
Fox, J. L.
(1982). The Chemistry of Metastable Species in the Venusian Ionosphere. Icarus, 51 (2), 248-260.