Secretary of Interior v. California: Should Continental Shelf Lease Sales Be Subject to Consistency Review

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Outer continental shelf oil and gas resource development has generated a great deal of conflict between the federal and state governments. The outer continental shelf (OCS) consists of submerged land lying beyond the three-mile limit of the coastal zone of states bordering the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. While the coastal zone is under state jurisdiction, the OCS is under the jurisdiction of the federal government The Department of the Interior (Interior) is authorized to lease tracts on the OCS to industry for the development of oil and gas resources and to regulate such activity.

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