A primary care physician refers Mr. J, age 40, to our mental health clinic for evaluation of anxiety symptoms. Almost a decade ago Mr. J presented to his primary care physician with anxiety and panic attacks that included chest pain and shortness of breath. Various pharmacologic treatments, including paroxetine, were only moderately successful until 4 years ago, when Mr. J began nighttime continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy and pramipexole, 0.25 to 0.5 mg/d, for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), at which point his anxiety completely resolved.
& Wyatt, R.
(2010). Nighttime Anxieties. Current Psychiatry: Cases that Test your Skills, 9 (5), 58-62.