Title

Nocturnal Hypertension in Mice Consuming a High Fructose Diet

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-13-2006

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effect of fructose consumption on the light/dark pattern of blood pressure, heart rate and autonomic neural function in mice.

BACKGROUND:

Insulin resistant diabetes is associated with hypertension and autonomic dysfunction. There is evidence that the increasing incidence of diabetes may be related to dietary changes, including consumption of high levels of fructose.

DESIGN/METHODS:

C57/BL mice, instrumented with radiotelemetric arterial catheters, were fed a control or high fructose diet(60%). Cardiovascular parameters measured were light/dark pattern of mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and variability (time and frequency domain). We also measured plasma insulin, glucose, lipids and angiotensin II (Ang II) as well as glucose tolerance. In situ hybridization was used to measure brainstem expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and Ang AT1a mRNA.

RESULTS:

Fructose diet (8 weeks) produced an increase in MAP, variance and low frequency domain (14+/-3 vs. 33+/-4 mm Hg(2), variance and 10+/-2 vs. 26+/-4 mm Hg(2), LF, control vs. fructose, P

CONCLUSION:

A high fructose diet in mice produced nocturnal hypertension and autonomic imbalance which may be related to activation of sympathetic and angiotensin systems.

DOI

10.1016/j.autneu.2006.05.006