Enrichment of miR-126 Boosts the Therapeutic Effects of Endothelial Progenitor Cells Derived Exosomes on Ischemic Stroke in Diabetic Mice
We have demonstrated that endothelial progenitor cell (EPCs) have therapeutic effects on ischemic stroke in diabetic mice and that microRNA (miR)-126 modulates the function of EPC through vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) pathway in cell culture studies. Here, we determined the effects of EPC-released exosomes (EPC-EXs) on ischemic stroke in diabetic mice and tested whether miR-126 enriched EPC-EXs (EPC-EXsmiR126) could have enhanced efficacy. Type 2 diabetic mice subjected to filament-induced focal ischemic stroke were intravenously administrated with vehicle, or PKH26 labelled EPC-EXs or EPC-EXsmiR-126. The neurological deficit score (NDS), cerebral blood flow (CBF), infarct volume, cerebral microvascular density (MVD), cell death, angiogenesis and neurogenesis, and levels of miR-126, VEGFR2 and cleaved caspase-3 were measured. We found: 1) Injected EPC-EXs merged with brain endothelial cells, neurons and astrocytes dominantly in the peri-infarct area; 2) EPC-EXsmiR126 were more effective than EPC-EXs in decreasing NDS, ischemic damage and cell death, and increasing CBF and MVD on both day 2 and 14, and in promoting angiogenesis and neurogenesis on day 14; 3) These effects were accompanied with down-regulated cleaved caspase-3 on day 2 and prolonged VEGFR2 up-regulation till day 14. The data suggest that transfusion of EPC-EXsmiR126 has enhanced therapeutic efficacy on ischemic stroke in diabetic mice by attenuating acute injury and promoting neurological function recovery.
& Bihl, J. C.
(2018). Enrichment of miR-126 Boosts the Therapeutic Effects of Endothelial Progenitor Cells Derived Exosomes on Ischemic Stroke in Diabetic Mice. Diabetes, 67 (Suppl 1).