Effects of Angiotensin II Type 1 A Receptor (AT1aR) on Renal and Urinary Biomarkers of Acute Kidney Injury in Two Kidney One Clip (2K1C) Model of Renovascular Hypertension

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Renin angiotensin system (RAS) plays a key role in the pathogenesis and progression of hypertension and renal injury. Angiotensin-II (Ang-II) type 1 receptor (AT1R) mediates the actions of Ang II to increase blood pressure, fluid retention, and aldosterone secretion. Ang II is involved in cell injury, vascular remodeling, and inflammation by releasing inflammatory and pro-inflammatory mediators. The effects of Ang II could be counteracted through its catabolism into the vasodilator peptide Ang (1-7) by angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and/or neprilysin (NEP). Diabetes and high blood pressure are the major causes of chronic kidney disease which could lead to end stage renal disease. Our previous studies demonstrated that shedding of renal ACE2 and NEP in the urine of db/db diabetic mice could act as biomarkers for diabetic kidney disease. The aim of the study is to test the hypothesis that there is increased renal ACE2 and NEP shedding in the urine of two-kidney one clip (2K1C) model of renovascular hypertension. In addition, we investigated the effects of deleting AT1aR on these RAS components and on kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1). Renovascular hypertension was induced in AT1aR knock out (KO) and WT mice by 2K1C surgery. Blood pressure (BP) measurement by radio-telemetry revealed significant increase of 46.1± 3.6 mmHg in 2K1C mice compared to control mice (p



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