Beneficial Effects of Intracoronary Thrombolysis up to Eighteen Hours After Onset of Pain in Evolving Myocardial Infarction
Coronary arterlography and intracoronary streptokinase (STK) infusion were performed on 89 patients with evolving acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Ventricular function was followed in these patients during their hospitalization by gated radionuclide ventriculography. In 35 of these patients thallium imaging was performed on admission and 4 hours after reperfusion. An additional 30 patients with AMI who either met exclusion criteria for the STK protocol or refused study served as a control group. In patients admitted 0 to 6, 6 to 12, or 12 to 18 hours after onset of pain, there was no difference in change in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) from admission to discharge, in percent of patients with total occlusion demonstrating reperfusion, or in percent of patients demonstrating a significant increase in LVEF. The average increase in LVEF from admission to discharge in patients reperfused was 8% (40% ± 14% to 48% ± 13%, p < 0.001). No change in LVEF was demonstrated in the control population or in patients in whom coronary reperfusion was unsuccessful. Reperfusion produced an increase in thallium uptake in the infarct-related myocardium that was accompanied by an improvement in regional function. Failure of reperfusion produced no change in either thallium uptake or regional function.
Smalling, R. W.,
Freund, G. C.,
Reduto, L. A.,
Gaeta, J. M.,
Scott, R. P.,
& Gould, K. L.
(1982). Beneficial Effects of Intracoronary Thrombolysis up to Eighteen Hours After Onset of Pain in Evolving Myocardial Infarction. American Heart Journal, 104 (4, Part 2), 912-920.