Traumatic Carotid Artery Dissection and Pseudoaneurysm Treated With Endovascular Coils and Stent

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Purpose: To report a case of post-traumatic internal carotid artery dissection and pseudoaneurysm formation at the C-1 level successfully treated by a percutaneous endovascular technique.

Methods and Results: A 20-year-old female presented 72 hours after a motor vehicle accident with incomplete occulosympathetic paresis (Horner's syndrome), carotidynia, and left-sided weakness. Arteriography confirmed the diagnosis of carotid dissection and an associated 1.5-cm × 2.5-cm pseudoaneurysm at the C-1 level. Neuroradiologists embolized the pseudoaneurysm with Guglielmi detachable coils and controlled the dissection with placement of a Wallstent.

Conclusions: This report illustrates successful percutaneous endovascular treatment of a carotid dissection and pseudoaneurysm near the base of the skull.