Diffuse Infantile Hemangiomatosis of the Ileum Presenting with Multiple Perforations: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Hemangiomas of the small intestine are rare, accounting for only 0.05% of all intestinal neoplasms (Jarvi et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008;46:593-597). The jejunum is the most common site of involvement in the small intestine (Levy et al. Am J Roentgenol. 2001;177:1073-1081). Small bowel hemangiomas are most commonly manifested by gastrointestinal bleeding, abdominal pain, obstruction, or intussusception. There are very few reported cases in the literature of hemangiomatosis presenting with perforation, and only 1 previously reported case of perforation in the ileum. We present a rare case of a 5-week-old female with diffuse hemangiomatosis of the ileum presenting with multiple ileal perforations and peritonitis.